Course Name:

Level:

No. of Lessons:

Lesson Duration:

Instructors:

English Phonetics Level 7

Secondary 1 – Secondary 2

12 (Suggested)

1 hr 30 mins (Suggested)

Native English teachers with a university degree ; related teaching experience, and/or teacher training such as TEFL, TESOL, CELTA, PGDE/PCEd, etc.

Course Name: English Phonetics Level 7

Level: Secondary 1 – Secondary 2

No. of Lessons: 12 (Suggested)

Lesson Duration: 1 hr 30 mins (Suggested)

Instructors: Native English teachers with a university degree ; related teaching experience, and/or teacher training such as TEFL, TESOL, CELTA, PGDE/PCEd, etc.

Objectives

This course aims to introduce students to 48 English phonetic symbols – International Phonetic Alphabets (IPA) – with one or two phonetic sounds at a time and plenty of exercises where they associate letters, sounds and symbols.

By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • pronounce the phonetic symbols in the dictionary independently
  • differentiate similar sounding words
  • identify homonyms, homographs and homophones
  • pronounce and spell words with more confidence and accuracy
  • communicate using authentic British pronunciation, intonation and accent

Features

Four to five of the English phonetic symbols – International Phonetic Alphabets (IPA) – are introduced in each unit. Each unit is constructed using the structure as listed below:

  • introduction to the target sounds, symbols and words
  • minimal pair exercises and listening discrimination exercises
  • tongue twisters that contain target sounds
  • speaking practice and word stress practice
  • consolidation exercises where students write and transcribe phonetic symbols
  • song appreciation every three lessons

Outline

Unit 1


    • Target sounds:
      – /i:/
      – /ɪ/
      – /i/
      – /e/
      – /æ/
    • Activities: 
      – Introduction to phonetics
      – Minimal pairs
      /i:/ vs. /ɪ/; /e/ vs. /æ/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Word stress practice
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols

Unit 2


    • Target sounds:
      – /u:/
      – /ʊ/
      – /ɑ:/
      – /ʌ/
      – /u/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /u:/ vs. /ʊ/, /ɑ:/ vs. /ʌ/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 3


    • Target sounds:
      – /ɒ/
      – /ɔ:/
      – /ɜ:/
      – schwa /ə/
      – /ʊə/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /ɒ/ vs. /ɔ:/ ; /ɜ:/ vs. /ə/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Introducing the /ʊə/ sound
      – Listening discrimination
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Tongue twisters
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols
      – Song appreciation

Unit 4


    • Target sounds:
      – /eɪ/
      – /aɪ/
      – /ɔɪ/
      – /aʊ/
      – /aʊə/
      – /aɪə/
    • Activities: 
      – Minimal pairs
      /eɪ/ vs. /aɪ/; /ɔɪ/ vs. /aʊ/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Introducing the /aʊə/ and /aɪə/ sounds
      – Listening discrimination
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Tongue twisters
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 5


    • Target sounds:
      – /əʊ/
      – /ɪə/
      – /eə/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /aʊ/ vs. /əʊ/; /ɪə/ vs. /eə/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 6


    • Target sounds: 
      – /p/
      – /b/
      – /t/
      – /d/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /p/ vs. /b/; /t/ vs. /d/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols
      – Song appreciation

Unit 7


    • Target sounds:
      – /k/
      – /g/
      – /ks/*
      – /gz/*
      – /h/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /k/ vs. /g/; /h/ vs. (no consonant sounds)
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 8


    • Target sounds:
      – /ʃ/
      – /tʃ/
      – /dʒ/
      – /ʒ/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /ʃ/ vs. /tʃ/; /tʃ/ vs. /dʒ/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 9


    • Target sounds:
      – /s/
      – /θ/
      – /ð/
      – /z/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /θ/ vs. /s/; /d/ vs. /ð/; /s/ vs. /z/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols
      – Song appreciation

Unit 10


    • Target sounds:
      – / l/
      – /r/
      – /m/
      – /n/
      – /ŋ/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /l/ vs. /n/; /m/ vs. /n/; /n/ vs. /ŋ/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 11


    • Target sounds:
      – /f/
      – /v/
      – /w/
      – /kw/*
      – /j/
    • Activities:
      – Minimal pairs
      /f/ vs. /v/ ; /w/ vs. /j/ ; /*kw/ vs. /k/
      – Minimal pair exercises
      – Listening discrimination
      – Tongue twisters
      – Speaking practice: Dialogue
      – Consolidation: Writing phonetic symbols
      – Revision: Transcribing phonetic symbols

Unit 12


    • Target sounds: Revision
    • Activities:
      – Pronunciation of the –ed endings
      – Commonly mispronounced words
      – Homonyms, homophones and homographs
      – Post-course assessment
           • Listening discrimination
           • Writing phonetic symbols
      – Song appreciation

*/ks/, /gz/ and /kw/ are not pure phonemes.